ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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Pingree, David February 1, Al-Biruni collected books and studied with these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as practiced in 11th-century India. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half of that has been published. qbu

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

al-biruin In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee.

Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. Little is known of his personal life, but what is known is mostly found through his writings rather than stories about him. Al-Biruni divides Hindus into an educated and an uneducated class. Robarts — University of Toronto. There he corresponded with Avicenna [19] and there are extant exchanges of views between these two scholars.

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He raaihan given the titles the ‘founder of Indology’ and the ‘first anthropologist’ for writing on the customs and creeds of various nations. Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: Al-birni, “An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.


During his journey through India, military and political histories were not of Al-Biruni’s main focus. Retrieved 22 June He drew many different depictions of various instruments that are considered to be the precursors of more modern objects such as clocks and the astrolabe, in which other scientists were able to use to complete these inventions in al-blruni coming years.

Later years and significance In Islamic world: Ahmed, like modern anthropologists, he engaged in extensive participant observation with a given group of people, learnt their language and studied their primary texts, presenting his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross-cultural comparisons.

According to Akbar S. Summation of a geometric progression appropos of the chess game al-biruhi to the number:. Al-Biruni discussed, centuries before the rest of the world, the question whether the earth rotates around its axis or not. In Ray, Himanshu Prabha. He has also made considerable contribution to several aspects of physical and economic geography in this book. An example of Al-Biruni’s analysis is his summary of why many Hindus hate Muslims.

He stated that he was fully objective in his writings, remaining unbiased like a proper historian should. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat It is generally accepted that he was Persian by origin, and spoke the Khwarizmian dialect Rahman, H. His enthusiasm for knowledge may be judged from his claim that the phrase Allah is Omniscient does not justify ignorance. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.


Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation.

Remembering Al-Biruni – the first anthropologist : House of Wisdom

Translated by Sachau, Eduard. My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts. Kitab al-Kimya Kitab al-Sab’een Picatrix.

Even then his comments were apparently restricted to the particular problem of latitude theory in Ptolemaic astronomy. Al-Biruni’s and Gadamer’s “fusion of Horizons”. Rxihan another well-known book al-Athar al-Baqiahe has attempted a connected account of ancient history of nations and the related geographical knowledge. He died in A.

He was forty-four years old when he went au the journeys with Mahmud of Ghazni. I shall not produce the arguments of our antagonists in order to refute such of them, as I believe to be in the wrong. He was also an astrologer and is reputed to have astonished people by the accuracy of his predictions.